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Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. The range of insulin resistance can vary among individuals, and it is influenced by various factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and overall health.

The following are general categories for interpreting HOMA-IR results:
1. Normal Insulin Sensitivity: HOMA-IR score less than 1.0
2. Insulin Resistance Present: HOMA-IR score between 1.0 and 2.9
3. Significant Insulin Resistance: HOMA-IR score greater than 2.9

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence and requires lifelong insulin therapy.

Type 2 diabetes is a syndrome where the body is in total insulin resistance. It is often associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor diet. Type 2 diabetes can
develop at any age, but it is more common in adults. This article aims to:

  1. Educate about the risk factors and symptoms of diabetes.
  2. Encourage regular screening for diabetes, especially among those
    at higher risk.
  3. Promote healthy lifestyle choices, including a balanced diet and
    regular exercise, to prevent or manage diabetes.
  4. Provide information on available treatments, including insulin
    therapy, medication, and lifestyle modifications.
  5. Reduce the stigma associated with diabetes and support those
    living with the condition.

Raising awareness about diabetes is crucial in helping to prevent new cases and ensuring that those who have the condition receive proper care and support and can therefore help prevent complications like lipid derangements, high uric acid and gout. It also helps to dispel myths and misconceptions surrounding diabetes, ultimately contributing to better health outcomes for individuals and communities. The 14th of November is world Diabetes awareness day, which is also the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, who co-discovered insulin along with Charles Best in 1922.

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